#On This Day – Battle of Falkirk

Monday, July 22nd, 2019


On July 22nd 1298 the battle of Falkirk took place. This was one of the major battles in the First War of Scottish Independence. The English army, led by Edward I, defeated the Scots who were led by William Wallace. With Welsh longbows archers the rain of deadly arrows thudded into the Scots, heavily depleting the Scottish schiltron lines. The 4,000 strong Scottish army of mostly pikemen, who now faced 13, 000 heavily armed English cavalry, foot,  and those deadly Welsh archers, with no cavalry of their own and their own short bow men slaughtered by the English cavalry, were harried from the field. And with them the hopes of Scottish Independence fled before them. But, the Scottish rebels would rise again and again to free Scotland from English rule. This battle had proved the effectiveness of the longbow, marking it as a decisive weapon, one that would go on to be used with devastating advantage when England fought France in the mid fourteenth century

Want to know what links unicorn horns, blue armour, dead puppies and Blackbeard to the unexpected history of weapons?

Listen to our podcast!

More Magazine Articles


16, 9, 2019 - Voodoo and Zombies Zombies have become an important element in pop culture films, books, and tv .... Read More


9, 9, 2019 - Chickens Chickens have always been an important commodity to humans, predominantly for .... Read More

William Harvey (1578-1657) and the Circulation of Blood

16, 9, 2019 - A Bloody History! The history of blood is connected to both events and aspects of history, for .... Read More

Subscribe to our newsletter

Keep up to date with Histories of the Unexpected